The trade agreement has also proved to be extremely important from the world`s point of view. It was precisely when the economic consequences of the war and the collapse of 1929 gave rise to new forms of trade restrictions of unprecedented harshness, and when the desire for economic nationalism and trade in exclusive preferences intensified, it proved to be one of the most effective programmes implemented everywhere to combat these disastrous trends. The Trump administration`s quest for a limited bilateral agreement has been at odds with the global growth of free trade agreements since 2000. In America`s trade policy, we have highlighted the increase in the number of free trade agreements in our 2018 contribution.  In this analysis of FTA trends, we found that the six major U.S. trading partners had negotiated and signed 95 free trade agreements through 2017. These countries continued to negotiate new trade agreements. Since the beginning of 2018, Australia, Canada, Mexico and Japan have signed two free trade agreements, China four and the EU three. As the updated graph below shows, the total number of free trade agreements signed by these six nations is now 101. Meanwhile, since 2017, the United States has signed only one free trade agreement, the USMCA, a revision of NAFTA.
The United States has not negotiated a new free trade agreement since 2007. The main protectionist measures were those directed against China. The escalation of tensions with China began in July 2018 with a 25% import duty on Chinese products worth $34 billion. By early 2020, before the phase one agreement was signed, tariffs had generated more than $360 billion in Chinese goods, facing higher tariffs, or about two-thirds of the total value of U.S. imports from China. China had imposed retaliatory duties on total imports of $110 billion from the United States. To date, the United States has unilaterally imposed trade and investment restrictions on China and is likely to continue to do so. At the end of June, however, Foreign Minister Pompeo expressed his willingness to participate in a joint EU-US dialogue with China.  This expert study and the varied analysis of each product provide an in-depth understanding of all trade between the United States and the country concerned, with all its obstacles, opportunities for improvement and limitations.