Hodeidah Ceasefire Agreement

As fighting has subsided – and an attack on Hodeidah has been paused – both sides have accused the other side of repeated ceasefire violations. A monitoring mission, approved by the UN Security Council on January 16, is still not fully set up to verify these claims. The UN special envoy for Yemen, Martin Griffiths, said troops would withdraw from the port and, in a second phase, from the city. He said the ceasefire should open the east-west road linking Hodeidah to the capital Sana`a “so that the humanitarian gas pipeline, essential for the Yemeni people, can start providing aid.” The Hodeidah agreement, reached during the peace talks in Sweden promoted by the United Nations in December 2018, had provided for a transfer of troops from both sides, which was never fully implemented. He reported substantial progress and said he was assured this morning that an agreement was within reach and expressed the hope that the outstanding issues could be resolved in the coming days, if not hours. Once an agreement is signed, WFP is ready to implement it to ensure the right people receive the food and allow a program of money to stimulate the economy. “But let me be clear,” he said. “If we don`t reach an agreement or if we don`t reach an agreement and no progress is made in implementation, we will be in the same situation we are in today, or worse.

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