Under the LMS, the First Nation now has the authority to enact and pass laws concerning its country and its citizens, collect taxes, oversee municipal planning, and manage or co-manage lands and resources. Each First Nation will have a Constitution that will contain the membership code, create governing bodies and provide for its powers and protect the rights and freedoms of citizens. As self-governing bodies, First Nations are not prevented from asserting the rights of a Canadian citizen or business. Under the direction of its board, the CAFN government deals with other governments (such as Canada and Yukon) on a government basis. The CAFN government has legislators and responsibilities equivalent to those at the territorial and federal levels, with priority jurisdiction in many areas. The CAFN government has many forms of citizen participation and accountability. In 1993, after more than 20 years of negotiations, CAFN`s rights to the Yukon portion of its traditional lands and resources were finally confirmed with the signing of the First Nation`s Final Agreement between CAFN, the Government of Canada and the Government of Yukon. CAFN`s fonal claims agreement provides that ownership of approximately 2,427 square kilometres (or 925 square miles) of land and approximately $28 million over 15 years must be paid. They can find the self-management agreement for a given nation: to date, 11 First Nations have self-government agreements.
The CAFN Constitution identifies the four branches of government: CAFN citizens participate in the Annual General Meeting as delegates. Citizens also have the opportunity to participate in numerous bodies and commissions to defend the interests of CAFN. An area of particular interest for the scientific world has been recent archaeological discoveries in the melting ice spots and ice fields inside the traditional territory of Champagne & Aishihik, where some of the earliest evidence of human colonization of the territory has been found. 150 artifacts between the ages of 800 and 9,000 have been found. The ancient weapons, tools and equipment used by hunters continue to rubble the sites perfectly preserved by the ice.. . . .